Animal Behavior Research in Nature Conservation, Animal Husbandry and Species Protection

Pets, farm animals or breeding animals are an integral part of our society. As working and living partners they are omnipresent. They assist with our health (therapy, well-being and as experimental animals). They protect us (service dogs for police, customs and military). They help us to enjoy our leisure time (equine sports, canine sports, zoo) and they give us employment (animal health, animal trainer, veterinary medicine). Moreover, animals are an important economic factor (as farm animals) and inspire us to create new technologies (bionics).

In recent years, scientists in the fields of behavioural science, animal hygiene, animal welfare and animal husbandry have made important research contributions.  This success was made possible by special ethology observation solutions designed by Mangold International.

The modern INTERACT evaluation software from Mangold played a decisive role. 

Behavioural scientists analysed play behaviour, social structures, pair bonds, food intake, movement, social behaviour, mimicry and the sounds of animals. They paid special attention to the interaction between humans and animals.  

Behavioural biology and animal protection: Studies with Mangold INTERACT

Emotional contagion in orangutans

Oranguten babies

Even with newborns we can see that the cries of other babies are sufficient to induce the same emotional condition. This "mutual feeling" - or emotional contagion - can even cause large groups of humans to be contagiously irrational in panic situations.

Not only is this phenomenon linked to language or sounds, but also to the facial mimicry of our fellow humans. The facial mimicry of a person can take place voluntarily or involuntarily. In the latter the mimic facets are generated within less than one second. This has been proven in humans, but not in animals to date.

The study with Mangold INTERACT software provides the first proof that even non-human mammals can produce involuntary facial mimics within one second. These involuntary facial mimics have been initiated by another individual - the phenomenon of emotional contagion.

More: Rapid facial mimicry in orangutan play

Communication calls of northern tree shrews convey emotional state and individuality of the sender

Tupaia belangeri

Comparative studies regarding the vocalisation of humans and animals have shown that structured and temporal variations in communication sounds have different functions. These sound signals also reliably transmit the emotional state and individual authenticity of the sender.

The study carried out using the INTERACT software from Mangold International looks at the attention sounds of northern tree shrews. The project focuses on the question as to whether these sounds convey the emotional state and the individuality of the sender.

The acoustic analysis of the study produced a clear result: both the intensity of emotional excitation and the individuality of the sender were expressed in the form of temporal and structural variations within the communication calls. This was also the case for northern tree shrews.

More: Acoustic cues of caller identity and affect intensity in communication calls of tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri)

Great Apes and Emerging Diseases

At Washington University, ethologists study the diversity of behaviour of primates and promote the conservation of wild animals with Mangold solutions.

These scientists not only carry out laboratory studies but also use the INTERACT video coding application from Mangold in some of the most remote forests in the world. For example in the "Goualougo Triangle Ape Project" (www.congo-apes.org) research project in the Republic of the Congo. 

Mangold INTERACT is used to study various subjects, from primate tools to Ebola transmission dynamics. The mission of this project is to promote long-term conservation of apes, with particular emphasis on chimpanzees and gorillas in the Congo. These long-term studies of our closest living relatives provide important insights into human evolution.

More: The Goualougo Triangle Ape Project in Republic of Congo

Voice-based kin recognition in grey mouse lemurs

microcebus murinus

First study with the Mangold INTERACT software on kin recognition based on voice articulations in wet-nosed primates. 10 adult females in a sound-damped room with weak red light were exposed to 4 different sounds:

1) Trill call of the father 
2) Whistle sequence of the father 
3) Trill call from a non-related male 
4) Whistle sequence from the same non-related male

It was possible to show that the reactions of the females to the whistle sequences did not differ. However, in the trill calls, the females remained in the loudspeaker area substantially longer when their own father articulated the whistle calls. Females therefore seem to be able to recognise their own relatives from the signatures contained in complex trill calls. Whistle calls are not individual and have simple structures; they are emitted in alarm situations. The identity of the sender does not matter; it is only important that a warning is given about potential danger. Unlike trill calls: these distinctive calls are evidently used by mouse lemurs to call together social members of a group (relatives).

More: Kin recognition in the grey mouse lemur (microcebus murinus)

Chimpanzees who fish for termites with long twigs

Chimpanzees who fish for termites

The "last [safe] place on earth" according to National Geographic is in the Goualougo-triangle of the Ndouabale-Ndoki-National Park in the northern part of the Republic of the Congo. 

This is also the refuge of wild chimpanzees, which, using tools, have developed special nutritional strategies, which have been evaluated using Mangold INTERACT

One of these strategies is fishing for termites with twigs or other parts of plants. Some chimpanzees are so resourceful that they skilfully insert long twigs into the passages of termite mounds and slowly guide them out again. The twigs are full of termites and these - evidently a delicacy from a primate's point of view - are lapped up with pleasure.
More: Insect prey characteristics affecting regional variation in chimpanzee tool use

More: Tool use in Animals

Laying hens prefer small nests

If a hen wants to lay an egg, she will start looking for a suitable place where she can hide away. But, how does she choose her egg laying spot? This question is being addressed by researchers at the Learning Institute for Animal Protection at the University of Bern in Switzerland. They're investigating what laying nests should be like in order to be accepted by the hens.

Only hens who feel comfortable lay a lot of eggs. To feel comfortable, the hen must feel undisturbed and protected during egg laying. An important factor for the attractiveness of the laying nests is therefore their degree of enclosure. In an experiment, two nests were made available to hens, which were exactly the same on the outside.
Learn more about this project at the University of Bern, Switzerland

More: University of Bern, Switzerland

Personality differences and social relationships in primates

Social relationships in primates

The research network "Primate PersonalityNet" (www.primate-personality.net) at the Free University of Berlin investigates personality differences and social relationships in primate species.

Individual behaviour patterns are found in a wide range of species. From an evolutionary perspective it is assumed that they reduce the competitive pressure between members of a species for resources such as food or mates. Therefore these patterns have an impact on successful environmental adaptation. 

The studies provide important insights into animal protection, captive breeding and protection of the population. 

Find out more about this project, published by Dr. Jana Uher, FU Berlin, Institute of Psychology, Germany

Much of the knowledge and improvement in the farm sector became possible by using video-based observation and analysis systems from Mangold International. 

There are more and more observation studies regarding alternative types of husbandry, stress, behavioural problems, the influence of stable floors, open versus barn pens, and other factors. The number and quality of these studies reflect the increasing importance of scientific behavioural observation of animals.

Protecting and improving the life of animals
is one of the goals of Mangold International

We support researchers all over the world in their observational studies with professional solutions in the field of nature conservation, species-related animal husbandry and species protection.

Mangold International provides the user with essential research tools, including dust-proof video cameras and computer systems, as well as the appropriate software for data acquisition and evaluation. Whether in the stable or for field studies.

Audio / Video
Capture multiple audio and video sources with a stationary or mobile Mangold video lab.

Content coding & evaluation
Use the Mangold INTERACT software for the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the content of your videos.

Animal behavior research with Mangold Ethology Labs

Discover more with Mangold INTERACT and your custom audio/video system.

We offer professional and easy-to-use solutions with the latest technology, which also provide reliable results in field tests.

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